How to behave safe in and around water?

Around water:

  • Do not stand and do not play in places possessing the risk of a sudden fall into the water, for example, quays, pier edges, bridges or cliffs;
  • Do not jump into the water suddenly in case you are overheated – at first you should sprinkle some water on yourself;
  • Do not go for a swim immediately after eating or after drinking alcohol;
  • Do not smoke on the beach (unless there is a special smoking area established);
  • Do not play sports games on the beach (rest zone) by causing a risk to resting people;
  • Do not leave children under 14 years old unsupervised near water;
  • Do not camp on the beach;
  • Do not make a fire on the beach;
  • Do not gather or destroy protected plant species;
  • Do not be nude in public beaches (i.e. being without a swimwear or by wearing just a part of it);
  • Do not take animals/pets to the beach (unless it is allowed).

In water:

  • In case you can’t swim, stay in water less than chest deep;
  • It is advised to choose a beach or area where many people swim and lifeguards are on duty;
  • Swim only after you are certain that it is safe, wade into unknown waters slowly, do not dive and do not jump into the water;
  • Do not swim alone or in unfamiliar and remote waters;
  • Do not wade and swim further from the buoys, swim after the set visiting hours, swim inappropriate and/or unsafe places (i. e. dams, artificial waterfalls, close to systems used by hydroelectric power stations) or in case it is marked with no swimming signs;
  • While swimming, do not chew gum, do not eat and do not swim shortly after a meal;
  • Do not swim under the influence of alcohol, drugs, psychotropic drugs or other psychotropic substances;
  • Do not play dangerous games in water and do not allow children to play in the same way as well, i.e. do not immerse another person into the water, do not pull other’s legs, do not climb on other’s shoulders;
    • Do not let children under 14 years old swim without the supervision of an adult;
    • Do not call for help if it is not needed;
    • Do not swim to waterways and do not go close to ships since there is a risk of being caught by a propeller;
      • Do not swim with the aid of air mattresses, inner tubes, logs or by using other means which are not intended for swimming;
      • Do not swim during the lightning and/or thunderstorm, squall or whirlwind;
      • Do not swim when the red flag is raised by the lifeguards.
  • Do not swim where diving is performed. 

In a water vehicle:

  • Put your life-jacket on before swimming with a boat and keep wearing it while being on water;
  • Do not swim with a means of transportation if there are no life-jackets for all the persons on board;
  • Do not swing and walk on means for swimming which are not intended for such purposes, as well as do not ignore manufacturer’s requirements and/or other prohibitions;
  • Do not act irresponsibly or move around excessively in a boat as this may cause it to capsize;
    • Do not swim, dive and jump from a moving water means/vehicle;
    • Do not swim with the aid of means for swimming in the beach areas which are not intended for such activities by posing a risk for people and environment. 

If you are drowning or see another person drowning:

  • Try not to panic even if you start drowning. If possible, scream and wave your arms in order to be noticed by other people. Also, try to inhale as much air as possible and try to float on your back;
  • If you notice a drowning person, seek for help by letting other people know about the accident and invoke lifeguards, yet, if they are not present, then immediately call 112;
  • While waiting for professional assistance, try to provide help for the drowning person in a safe manner according to the situation: from the shore, by invoking a boat, by throwing a buoy from the bridge, by giving a stick etc. However, do not risk your own life;
  • If nobody else is present, try to rescue the person by using other means possible (boat, pedalo etc.). When you approach the drowning person, give him a floating thing (for example: life belt, lifebuoy) so that he could not grab you directly;
  • When the drowning person is safe on the shore, provide him first aid. If needed, use the lifesaving technique of resuscitation till the professional assistance arrives;
  • Note that only a good swimmer who knows methods of rescue and how to apply them should attempt to rescue a drowning person.
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