Fire may be caused even by a minor negligence. Here’s a real example: when cigarette butt burns sofa or armchair, after 3 minutes room fills with toxic smokes. Consequently, people lose consciousness and suffocate in the room. Fire spreads fast - after 10-15 minutes all room is on fire.
No time for delay! It is important to think of further steps in case of fire in advance: how to behave, how to extinguish, how to get out of premises (evacuation), how and who should be informed about fire?
If your flat is on fire:
- Call emergency number 112;
- Shut off gas valves, turn off electricity (shut off electrical power);
- Do not focus on saving your property - think of saving lives;
- Leave your flat immediately;
- Close the door;
- Do not use lift – descend stairs;
- Meet arriving firefighters.
If premises are full of smoke:
- Cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth;
- Close the door where the fire occurs very carefully by covering up door bottom part;
- Move by leaning or crawling;
- If you cannot get into stairwell, open window or go to the balcony and cry for help;
If neighbour flat is on fire:
- Call emergency number 112;
- If smoke spread into stairwell – stay at your flat;
- Cover door and ventilation openings with wet cloths;
- Come to the window or go to the balcony so that arriving firefighters clearly see you.
If clothes are on fire:
- Fall down to the ground and roll around so that fire would stop;
- Cover your face with hands;
- If another person is on fire, you should tumble him down;
- Fire may be suppressed by using things around you (destination of movements: from top of the body to the bottom, i.e. from head to foot);
- Burnt areas should be cooled by water or snow (for 15 minutes) as well as by covered with a towel;
- Call emergency number 112.
If TV or another electronic device is on fire:
- Pull out the plug or turn off electricity;
- Throw a cloth (thick texture, natural fabric) on electronic device;
- Use fire-extinguisher;
- If you cannot handle to extinguish fire on your own and it the fire spread, leave the premises immediately;
- When leaving, close the doors tightly;
- Call 112 and inform your neighbours.
If grease or oil are on fire:
- Cover the utensil with a lid;
- Turn off the stove;
- Hot grease/oil cannot be extinguished with water.
If car is on fire:
- Shutdown the engine;
- Open the engine bonnet a little and use fire-extinguisher.
Discuss evacuation with your family:
- Talk about the way of behaving if fire or smoke intercept your exit (consider other possible exits: window or going to the balcony);
- Agree on meeting place outside. In this case you will know whether all have left the burning building.
If you are in public place:
- Remember that emergency exits are marked in green in public places;
- There are at least two emergency exits at schools, shops, cinemas, restaurants, hotels or other public places, so be attentive and memorize them.
Important notice - acquire smoke detector:
- Wakes you up in the event of the start of fire;
- Install it on the ceiling of hallway, bedroom, attic;
- Follow the instructions for maintaining the detector and change the battery every year.