In order to avoid car fire, drivers should maintain their vehicles: check its electricity, fueling system and gas equipment.
Major causes of car fires:
- Electrical system failures;
- Fuel system failures;
- Gas equipment failures;
- Other technical failures.
If your car is on fire:
- Stop at roadside. Shut off the engine. Car keys should be left in the lock so that the steering wheel would not lock;
- Get yourself and passengers out of the car;
- Call emergency number 112;
- Take your fire-extinguisher (it must be in your vehicle);
- Open engine bonnet only if you have prepared fire-extinguisher in your hands;
- Open engine bonnet just a little and extinguish fire by spraying it for a few times. This may help to avoid sudden flames from under the engine bonnet. Then, after a few seconds, open engine bonnet completely and extinguish the source of flames;
- Fire should be extinguished very intensively: if fire outspreads to passenger compartment containing flammable substances, it would be impossible to extinguish fire without firefighters’ assistance. Note that one fire-extinguisher may be not enough, so ask for it from other drivers;
- If you manage to extinguish fire on your own, turn off accumulator in order to avoid repeated fire;
- In order to avoid an accident or to reduce possible loss, it is important to maintain vehicle technical condition and try to eliminate all possible defects and fix breakdown.
- It is necessary to have a proper fire-extinguisher with at least 1 kg capacity. The fire-extinguisher should be put in a place which is easy to access. It is also recommended to have powder fire-extinguisher.