How to behave in case of biological contamination?

International, economic and cultural relations as well as migration of residents result in increased probability in broader spread of communicable diseases. There is also a possible threat of using communicable diseases for terroristic purposes.

In case of biological contamination:

  • Listen to the radio and TV for the newest updates;
  • Try to stay calm and do not panic;
  • Do not use products which are not heat-treated;
  • Use product which are heat-sealed;
  • Drink boiled water only;
  • Follow personal hygiene requirements;
  • Clean premises with wet cloth;
  • If you feel symptoms such as nausea, vomit, diarrhoea and rising temperature, immediately call ambulance.

Note that communicable diseases spread while drinking contaminated water, eating contaminated food products, ignoring personal hygiene requirements, touching contaminated things and contacting with contaminated people.

If you receive a suspicious envelope or parcel:

  • Do not shake and do not spill out its content;
  • Put envelope or parcel into plastic bag or another tightly closed item in order not to spill out its content;
  • If you do not have another item where to put, envelope or parcel may be wrapped (clothes, paper etc.), yet you should not take it off;
  • Close windows, leave room and close doors. Do not let other people to come in;
  • Wash hands with soap;
  • If you are at home, call 112.
  •  If you are at workplace, firstly inform head of institution and call 112. Write down all persons who were in that room or territory, where the envelope or parcel was found. Give this list local health care institutions and judicial officers so that they could carry out further investigation and provide recommendations.

If you receive an envelope with powders and they have spilled:

  • Do not try to clean, smell or touch it! Immediately cover powder with clothes, paper or other things;
  • Turn off ventilators and air conditioning system of the building;
  • Leave room and close door. Do not let other people to come in;
  • Wash hands with soap;
  • Immediately take off contaminated clothes and put them into plastic bag or another container which could be sealed. These clothes should be given to emergency staff;
  • Immediately take a shower with a soap. Do not use bleach or other detergents;
  • Do not carry the parcel on your own to the police or health care institution;
  • If you are at home, call 112;
  • If you are at workplace, inform head of institution and call 112. Inform security guards or other keepers;
  • Write down all people who were in that room or territory, particularly those who had direct contact with powder. Submit this list to local health care institutions and judicial officers so that they could pursue further investigation and provide recommendations.
  • Note that if your eyes are running or irritated, if you cough or experience skin irritation – refer to doctors.

In case of suspicion that the environment has been contaminated with biological agent:

  • Turn off ventilators which are in premises or territory;
  • Turn off air conditioning system of the building;
  • Immediately leave premises or territory;
  • Close windows and doors, do not let someone to come to premises or territory;
  • Immediately inform head of institution and call emergency number 112;
  • Write down all persons who were in the contaminated room, premises or territory so that correspondent specialists could carry out works and provide urgent first aid.

Features of a suspicious letter or parcel:

  • Too big post expenses;
  • Hand-written or poorly printed address;
  • Cut and glued printed letters;
  • Mistakes in words;
  • No backward address;
  • Greasy spots, blurred colours;
  • Skew or rugged envelope;
  • Protruding wires or aluminium foil;
  • Ticking noise;
  • Marked with “personal” or “confidential”;
  • Specific smell;
  • Powdery content may be seen or felt.

 

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